Meta-Analysis: The Effect of Contextual Teaching and Learning (CTL) Learning Model on Student Skills


  • Hanana Laila Burhan Universitas Negeri Padang
  • Asrizal Physics Department, FMIPA, Universitas Negeri Padang, Padang,Indonesia.



Meta-analysis, Contextual teaching and learning, Process Skills, Creative thinking, Critical thinking


This research literary study that discusses the meta-analysis that examined 17 national and international scale journals articles from 2009 to 2020. The data collection technique that will be analyzed is observation of journals based on the components of student skills. Based journals articles using the Contextual Teaching and Learning (CTL) learning model. The 17 journals articles average effect size value was 0.71 in the medium category, based on the educational level of the CTL model, the skills of students were more influential at the junior high school education level with an average effect size value of 0.952 in the large category compared to kindergarten, elementary, high school and university education levels. Based on the teaching materials used by the CTL model, students' skills are more influential in using solar system teaching materials with an average effect size value of 1.24 in the large category. As for the influence of the CTL model on student skills, the science process skills obtained are greater than critical thinking skills and creative thinking with an average effect size value of 0.816 in the large category.


Download data is not yet available.


Amalia, A., Wilujeng, Insih. (2018). The Effect of Contextual Teaching and Learning Models on Critical Thinking Skills of Middle School Students. E-Journal of Science Education Vol 7 No 3

Asrizal et al. (2018). Effectiveness of Integrated Science Instructional Material on Pressure In Daily Life Theme to Improve Digital Age Literacy of Students. J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 1006 012031

Dahlan, Sopiyudin. (2012). Introduction to Meta-Analysis. Jakarta: Indonesian Epidemiology.

Asrizal, et al. (2018). Effectiveness of Adaptive Contextual Learning Model of Integrated Science by Integrating Digital Age Literacy On Grade VIII Students. IOP Conf. Ser .: Mater. sci. Eng. 335 012067

Amalia, A., Wilujeng, Insih. (2018). The Effect of Contextual Teaching and Learning Learning Models on Critical Thinking Skills of Middle School Students. E-Journal of Science Education Vol 7 No 3

Anafidah, Alfi., Sarwanto., Masykury, M. (2016). Development of CTL (Contextual Teaching and Learning) Based Physics Modules on Particle Dynamics to Improve Critical Thinking Skills of Class X Students of SMAN 1 Ngawi. Journal of Inquiry Vl 6 No 3

Angraini, Ria Resti. (2015). The Effect of Applying the CTL (Contextual Teaching and Learning) Approach to Science Learning Outcomes and Students' Critical Thinking Skills in Elementary Schools. Surabaya State University: PGSD Fip

Apriani, Susi., Sudin. A., & Panjaitan, R, L. (2017). Application of Contextual Teaching and Learning (CTL) to Improve Science Process Skills in Material Change in the Properties of Things. Scientific Pen Journal: Vol 2 No 1

Areands, RI. (2008). Learning To Teach (7th Ed). Translated by Soetjipto, HP & SM Soetjipto. Yogyakarta: Student Libraries

Astiti, K A. (2019). Development of Contextual-Based High School Physics Teaching Materials on Temperature and Heat Materials. Science Learning Journal Vol 3 No 1 . ISSN : 2527-9157.

Borg, Wr & Gall, Md. (1983). Educational Research: An Introduction Fourth Edition. New York: Longman.

Christiani, FL, et al. (2017). Analysis of Contextual Learning Models on Mathematical Problem Solving Ability, on Quadrilateral Material. Medan : Unimed

Ministry of Education. (2003). Contextual Approach ("Contextual Teaching And Learning"). Jakarta : Ministry of National Education

Diani, R., Asyhari, A., Julia, ON N. (2018). The Effect of the Rms Model (Reading, Mind Mapping and Sharing) on Students' Higher Order Thinking Ability on the Subject of Impulse and Momentum. Edutama Education Journal Vol 5 No 1

Dincer, S. (2015). Effect of Computer Assisted Learning on Students' Achievement in Turkey: a Meta-Analysis. Journal of Turkish Science Education, 12 (1):99-118.

Mufit, F et al. (2018). Impact Of Learning Model Based On Cognitive Conflict Toward Student's Conceptual Understanding. Iop Conf. Ser .: Mater. sci. Eng. 335 012072

Mufit, F et al. (2020). Preliminary Research In The Development Of Physics Teaching Materials That Integrate New Literacy And Disaster Literacy. J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 1481 012041

Fanani, Riski Dwi. (2018). The Effectiveness of Contextual Teaching And Learning (CTL) Based Worksheets to Improve Students' Science Process Skills in Simple Plane Material. Journal : Pensa E-Journal .Vol 6 No 2

Gading, I. Ketut. et al. (2019). The Influence of Contextual Teaching and Learning (CTL) on the Beginning Science Ability of Kindergarten Children. Journal of Science Pulpit. Vol 24 No 2

Glass, GV, McGaw B., & Smith, M.L. (1981). Meta-Analysis in Social Research. Sage Publications. London: Sage Publications. Education National Seminar

Hasanah, Uswatun., Dewi NR, & Parmin. (2013). Development of Integrated Science Teaching Materials Based on Mutual Themes on the Energy Theme. Unnes Science Education Journal Usej, 2 Vol (2):296.

Hidayah, D, N. et al. (2019). Development of Independent Teaching Materials on the Topic of Temperature and Heat Using Camtasia Software. Journal of Teaching and Learning Physics 4, 1 hal : 65-73.

Isworini, W, S, & Sulistyo S. (2015). Development of a Salt Hydrolysis Learning Module Based on Guided Inquiry Models for Class Xi Madrasah Aliyah Students. Journal of Inquiry Issn: 2252- 7893, Vol 4, No. 3, 2015:9-20.

Johnson, E, B. (2009). Contextual Teaching and Learning. Making Teaching and Learning Activities Fun and Meaningful. Translated by Ibn Setyawan. Bandung: Mlc

K Mungawanah, et al. (2018). The Influence of Contextual Learning Model and Critical Thinking to Science Literacy of High School First Year Students. J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 1108 012124

Komariah, RS., Subarjah, H., Sujana A. (2016). The Effect of Contextual Teaching and Learning Models on Students' Critical Thinking Ability in Heat Energy Material. Scientific Pen Journal, Vol 1 No 1

Kuswandari, M, et al. (2013). Development of High School Physics Teaching Materials with A Contextual Approach to Material For Measuring Physical Quantities. Journal of Physics Education, Vol. 1.No. 2 Pg 41.

Lestari, Devi., Prayogi, S., Syukroyanti, Bq, A. (2017). Application of the Contextual Teaching and Learning (Ctl) Approach in Efforts to Improve Critical Thinking Skills. Scientific Journal of Physics Education, Vol 5 No 1

Magfiroh, Leni. (2014). Application of the CTL Learning Model to Improve Student Learning Outcomes in Class V Elementary School Science Subjects. PGSD Journal, Vol 2 No 2

Marnita, M. (2013). Improving Science Process Skills Through Contextual Learning in Semester I Students on Dynamics Material. Journal of Indonesian Physics Education, Vol 9

Mundilarto. (2011). Assessment of Physics Learning Outcomes. Yogyakarta: Uny Press

Nafsah, Wilda, Zakyatun, et al. (2019). Analysis of Science Process Skills Using a Contextual Teaching and Learning Approach with a Discovery Learning Model Approach on Solar System Material. Natural Science Education Research, Vol 2 No 2

Nigsih, AP S, Adinansari and Sugianti. (2017). The Effect of Inquiry-Based Contextual Teaching and Learning on Students' Science Process Skills. Science Education Journal, Vol 1 No 2

Nurdiasari, D, et al (2017). Development of Contextual-Based Physics Learning Modules Accompanied by Class X High School Dynamic Electricity Workshops. Physics Learning Journal, Vol 6 No 1 Hal, 22-29.

Nurhainirani., Lubis, A D. (2018). The Influence of the Contextual Teaching and Learning (CTL) Model on the Critical Thinking Ability of Class V Students at SD Negeri 105292 Bandar Klippa. Handayani Journal, 9(1).

Purwanto, Y. & Swaditya Rizky. (2015). Development of Contextual-Based Teaching Materials on Learning Video Assisted Assemblage Materials. Axiom: Journal of Mathematics Education FKIP Muhammadiyah Metro University. Vol. 4 No. 1, 67-77

Sutrisno, Leo, Hery Kresnadi, and Kartono. (2007). SD Science Learning Development. Jakarta: PJJ S1 PGSD.

Sugiyono. (2012). Educational Research Methods. Bandung : Alpha Beta.

Trinity. (2011). Integrated Learning Model Concepts, Strategies, and Their Implementation in the Education Unit Level Curriculum (KTSP). Jakarta : Pt. Script Earth

Wahyudi. (2005). The Effect of Problem Based Learning on Science Process Skills and Biology Learning Outcomes of Grade X Students of Jumapolo Public High School in the Academic Year 2013/2014. Journal of Bio-Pedagogy, Vol. 4(1)

Wardana, IK, et al. (2013). The Influence of Contextual Models on Science Process Skills and Science Learning Outcomes in Grade Iv SD Cluster V Dr. Soetomo. Ganesha University of Education Postgraduate Program Ejournal: PGSD Vol 3

Winarti. (2015). Contextual Teaching and Learning (CTL) To Improve Students' Creative Thinking Ability. JPFK, Vol 1 No 1 Hlm:1-8


How to Cite

Burhan, H. L., & Asrizal, A. (2023). Meta-Analysis: The Effect of Contextual Teaching and Learning (CTL) Learning Model on Student Skills. Journal of Innovative Physics Teaching, 1(2), 136–145.
Received 2023-08-24
Accepted 2023-12-25
Published 2023-12-25
Abstract viewed = 102 times

Most read articles by the same author(s)